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Socrates

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When we learn math, we are using our mind alone, not our senses. Socrates calls it a study that “by nature leads to intellection"... It is a common occurrence: A math teacher stands at the front of...
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True unity among men must have its roots in that common participation in the holy tradition reaching back to an utterance of God Himself... One wonders whether tradition is not actually anti-historical. It stands in stark contrast...
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A recent essay proposes Aristotle to have “opened a path” to today’s radical individualism and relativism. In order to evaluate this thesis, we must turn to the Great Tradition of the “perennial philosophy” and ask what the great philosophers taught about virtue, justice, friendship, and...
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Aristotle’s reasoning about virtue, with its emphasis on man’s relationship to his own soul and man’s ability to perfect his own virtue, opened a path to relativism and radical individualism... All philosophical inquiry is united by two foundational elements....
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Young Socrates needed to learn how to clarify and defend an argument. He had to learn to push tirelessly against convention, if convention had no defense... As parents none of us are Mary or Joseph, so educating a young...

What we need is a love for both our country and our humanity, whether it be through religion, reason, or both. Such a position steers clear of the perfectionist aspirations of cosmopolitans and draws back from parochial nationalist sentiments by combining the best elements of American conservatism...

Habits, mores, manners, and customs should prove more important in a republic than the law... "With Cicero fell the republic."—Russell Kirk As one of my grand Hillsdale colleagues, Dr. Stephen Smith, once said to me, there...
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The desire to belong to something greater than one's self is simply human, transcending time, place, and space. It's as natural as our need to breathe. In this sense, Aristotle put it correctly when he noted that man is meant to live in community...
teachers
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A free government is only sustainable if citizens can govern themselves. Socrates patiently revealed, through conversations that held a mirror up to fellow citizens, that they did not sufficiently understand such basic concepts as justice, piety, virtue, truth, and goodness when applied to themselves. Yet they presumed...

To engage in dialogue, we must be good listeners, seeking to hear an insight, perhaps fuzzily formulated and unclear even to the speaker, but nevertheless worthy of exploration... Every culture has its own conversational style that often...
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If you have an open mind and inquiring heart, you will recognize something incomparably wonderful in Plato’s writings, if only their profound resonance with Christian teachings. The Cave is a masterful metaphor for the soul trapped in sin... “All education is conversion” —Pierre Hadot I....
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Each great teacher locates the fundamental problem of human living differently: The Buddha cites suffering; Socrates points to ignorance; and Jesus identifies faulty love. In addition, all three Masters teach that the task set for each human soul is to travel from illusion to reality...
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Your world needs you; it needs your desire to understand it, your openness to what it has to teach you, your acceptance of its imperfections, and your sincere wish and best efforts to be useful to it because you care for it as it has cared for you, however...

Tyrants—intelligent, charming men as they usually are—rush into politics without first examining their souls. Politics without wisdom is not politics... A recurring theme in Plato’s dialogues, including his Seventh Letter, describes the...