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Socrates

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Is “the knowing of what one knows and what one does not know that one does not know” ever possible? And what is the benefit of that knowledge? Profound Ignorance: Plato's Charmides and the Saving of Wisdom by David Lawrence...
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Today’s offering in our Timeless Essay series affords readers the opportunity to join Peter Kreeft as he explores the nineteen types of judgment as they pertain to human, angels, and the Divine. —W. Winston Elliott III, Publisher
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Today’s offering in our Timeless Essay series affords readers the opportunity to join Fr. James Schall as he contemplates the similarities between the death of Plato and the death of one of Plato's more recent scholars, Eric Voegelin. —W. Winston Elliott III, Publisher But...
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Today’s offering in our Timeless Essay series affords readers the opportunity to join Peter Augustine Lawler as he reflects on how Socrates models both rightly-ordered eros and logos, in contrast to the Stoics and Sophists. —W. Winston Elliott III, Publisher
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1c-d. The activity of this higher logos, dialectic itself, is beyond Glaucon's present reach and no part of the preliminary survey. To set out on the dialectical road would be to see "no longer an image......
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1a. After the cave image Socrates considers with Glaucon the actual education of the philosophers. He begins significantly: "Would you like now to see in what way such men will come to be born and how...
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Callicles says, "'Too late for a share in the fight,' so the saying goes..." Socrates replies, "Really? Don't you rather mean too late for the feast?" The dialogues of Socrates,...
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1. Book VII begins with this invitation to Glaucon: "Now, after this, liken our nature, as far as education and the lack of education is concerned, to the following sort of state" (514al). The sentence...
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4a. Let us return to the invitation to reflection that is extended to Glaucon by the sectioning of the realms "as if" they were a line; he must wonder why, as has been said, the
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1. Socrates yields to Glaucon. He will speak, though not of the Good itself but rather of its "offspring," which is most like it (506e). Socrates reminds Glaucon of the...
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Socrates was of course a historical figure, but he was also Plato’s literary creation, the protagonist in most but not all of Plato’s dialogues. Regarding his power to change lives, listen to what Plato’s character Nicias says...
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A. 1. Glaucon's introduction to philosophy will itself have a prelude. He will discover for himself the meaning of "opinion," doxa.  Opinion in its various meanings determines the musical key of the different parts of the dialogue by...

In Plato’s Republic, we hear of the tale of Gyges’ ring. This famous tale has been adapted in equally famous ways: one need only think of The Lord of the Rings, or...
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1a. We shall now show that, like Heracles, Socrates uses music to "civilize" his young guardian. He uses not the traditional music of the poets but his own restoration of true music; he shows...