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Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven
Considered one of the greatest, and perhaps the greatest, composer of all time, Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) wrote nine symphonies, five piano concertos, thirty-two piano sonatas, sixteen string quartets, seven piano trios, ten violin sonatas, a violin concerto, the Missa Solemnis, the opera Fidelio, ballet and incidental music, overtures, and other works for orchestra, voice, chamber ensemble, and solo piano. The German pianist, conductor, and composer was a crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western music and influenced nearly every composer who followed him.

Some two years before he died, having just recovered from a serious intestinal illness, Ludwig van Beethoven composed a long movement for string quartet, which he called "Holy Song of Thanksgiving of a Convalescent to the...

Oh you men who think that I am malevolent, stubborn, or misanthropic, how greatly do you wrong me. My bad hearing means that there can be no relaxation with my fellow men, no refined conversations, no mutual exchange of ideas. I must live almost alone like one who...